Hallux limitus is a type of degenerative arthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint or the big toe joint. It is a progressive deformity and when all motion is lost, it them becomes hallux rigidus.
Pain, swelling and stiffness in the big toe joint with range of motion. The pain can lead to problems with certain types of shoes and activities.
In most cases, the cause of hallux limitus is due to the mechanics of the foot. Patients with flatfeet, may develop this condition. Other causes of hallux limitus include overuse, post-traumatic and inflammatory joint diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis or gout.
Non-surgical management of hallux limitus may include modification of shoes, orthotics, anti-inflammatory medications, and cortisone injections into the joint. If these treatments do not effectively eliminate the symptoms, surgical options are also available. The type of surgical procedure performed depends on multiple factors including the severity of the condition, patient age, and activity level of the patient. Sometimes, this entails just removal of bone spurs and other times may require fusion of the joint. At Alaskan Legacy Podiatric Foot & Ankle Specialist, Dr. Lear-Rayborn can further discuss options with you.